Its capital and largest city is Chennai. Tamil Nadu lies in the southernmost part of the Indian subcontinent and is bordered by the union territory of Puducherry and the South Indian states of Kerala , Karnataka , and Andhra Pradesh. The state shares a maritime border with the nation of Sri Lanka. The region was ruled by several regimes, including the " three crowned rulers " — Chera , Chola and Pandyan states, which shape the region's cuisine , culture , and architecture. After the fall of the Kingdom of Mysore , the British Colonial rule during the modern period led to the emergence of Chennai , then known as Madras, as a metropolitan city.
Devadasi system: Is the exploitative practice still followed in Tamil Nadu and Andhra Pradesh?
A timely, well-made photograph has the potential to change society, and perhaps, in turn, the world. Or so M Palani Kumar used to think. Speaking over the phone from Chennai, Tamil Nadu, where he is based, the young photographer tells me that such illusions left him soon after Kakkoos — the critically acclaimed Tamil documentary directed by Divya Bharathi for which he was the cinematographer — was released. This inhuman job, allotted for decades to some of the most disadvantaged castes in the Indian society, has been illegal since But it continues unabated — supported by patriarchal practices and the oppressive caste system. While new technology has been developed to mechanically clean clogged sewers and drains, its prohibitive costs encourage civic contractors to instead hire manual labour that is extremely cheap in comparison.